Naples yellow

Naples yellow, also known as antimony yellow, is an inorganic pigment used in paints from the 1700s to 1850s. The color palette varies from a dull or earthy red-yellow pigment to a bright pale yellow. It is the chemical compound lead antimonate (Pb2Sb2O7). Also called antimony yellow, it is one of the oldest synthetic pigments. The ancient Egyptians were known to have created it. The related mineral is bindheimite. However, this natural version has rarely, if ever, been used as a pigment. The mineral orpiment is the oldest yellow pigment, but Naples yellow is the oldest light yellow pigment of synthetic origin. It largely replaced lead-tin-yellow in the 18th century. The first recorded use of Naples yellow as a color name in English was in 1738. After 1800, Naples yellow was replaced by chrome yellow (lead chromate), cadmium sulfide, and cobalt yellow.